Ecological inference and the ecological fallacy

March, 1999
Report Number: 
549
Authors: 
David A. Freedman
Citation: 
in Surveys on Solution Methods for Inverse Problems, Colton, D.,
Abstract: 

This paper reviews several methods for making ecological inferences, that is, inferring the behavior of individuals from aggregate data. Also considered is the ecological fallacy, which is the idea that relationships observed for groups necessarily hold for individuals.

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